Solidarity in the Age of Globalization: Approaches from the Philosophy for Peace

Main Article Content

Martha Jalali-Rabbani


This article approaches the challenges to solidarity in the age of globalization in terms of the limitations set to it by a) the structure and values of global capitalism, b) political membership to the Nation-State, and c) membership to cultural groups that do not allow self-reflection, learning and changing. Building on Martínez Guzmán´s Philosophy for Peace, the political self from the perspective of our human competences to extend solidarity to strangers are redefined, more specifically, a) our capacity to communicate and understand each other, b) our capacity to recognize sameness in each other, c) our capacity to cooperate. At the end, this revised understanding of the self is applied to identify the political institutional changes that are necessary for the extension of solidarity: a) a transnational public sphere, b) global domestic politics, and c) a constitution for the world society.

Article Details

Como citar
JALALI-RABBANI, Martha. Solidarity in the Age of Globalization: Approaches from the Philosophy for Peace. Convergencia Revista de Ciencias Sociales, [S.l.], v. 27, p. 1-22, dic. 2019. ISSN 2448-5799. Disponible en: <>. Fecha de acceso: 22 jun. 2021 doi:


Apel, Karl-Otto (2007), “Discourse ethics, democracy, and international law: toward a globalization of practical reason”, in American Journal of Economics and Sociology, vol. 66, no. 1, USA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Archibugi, Daniele and Held, David (2011), “Cosmopolitan democracy: paths and agents”, in Ethics & International Affairs, vol. 25, no. 4, USA and England: Cambridge University Press.
Beck, Ulrich (2010), “Varieties of second modernity: the cosmopolitan turn in social and political theory and research”, in The British Journal of Sociology, vol. 61, no. 3, England: Wiley-Blackwell.
Banks, Amy (2011), “Developing the capacity to connect”, in Zygon, vol. 46, no. 1, USA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Barbato, Mariano (2010), “Conceptions of the self for post-secular emancipation: towards a pilgrim’s guide to global justice”, in Millennium: Journal of International Studies, vol. 39, no. 2, USA: Sage Journals.
Falk, Richard et al. (1993), The constitutional foundations of world peace, USA: State University of New York Press.
Fraser, Nancy (2007), “Transnationalizing the public sphere. On the legitimacy and efficacy of public opinion in a post-westphalian world”, in Theory, Culture & Society, vol. 24, no. 4, USA: Sage Journals.
Fraser, Nancy (2008), “Abnormal justice”, Critical Inquiry, vol. 34, no. 3, USA: Chicago Journals.
Gazzaniga, Michael (2009), “Humans, the party animal”, in Daedalus, USA: MIT Press.
Habermas, Jurgen (1989), The theory of communicative action, USA: Beacon Press.
Habermas, Jurgen (1996), The inclusion of the other. Studies in political theory, USA: MIT Press.
Habermas, Jurgen (2000), “Crossing globalization valley of tears”, in New Perspectives Quarterly, vol. 17, no. 4, USA: John Wiley and Sons.
Habermas, Jurgen (2006), The divided West, USA: Polity Press.
Habermas, Jurgen (2008), “The constitutionalization of international law and the legitimation problems of a constitution for world society”, in Constellations, vol. 15, no. 4, USA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Habermas, Jurgen (2014), “Plea for a constitutionalization of international law”, in Philosophy and Social Criticism, vol. 40, no. 1, USA: Sage.
Hare, Brian (2017), “Survival of the friendliest: Homo sapiens evolved via selection for Prosociality”, in Annual Review of Psychology, vol. 68, USA: Annual Reviews. 
Hare, Brian et al. (2012), “The Self-Domestication Hypothesis: Evolution of Bonobo Psychology is Due to Selection Against Aggression”, in Animal Behavior, vol. 83, England: Elsevier.
Held, David (2002), “Cosmopolitanism: ideas, realities and deficits”, in Held, David et al. [eds.], Governing Globalization, England: Blackwell Publishers.
Honneth, Axel (2004), “Recognition and justice: outline of a plural theory of justice”, in Acta Sociológica, vol. 47, no. 4, USA: Sage Journals.
Honneth, Axel and Fraser, Nancy (2003), Recognition or redistribution? A political philosophical exchange, USA: Verso.
Honneth, Axel (2011), “On markets and morals: alternative analyses of Capitalism”, in Dossier, vol. 33, Spain: Barcelona Centre for International Affairs.
Leach, Helen (2003), “Human domestication reconsidered”, in Current Anthropology, vol. 44, no. 3, USA: University of Chicago Press.
Karlberg, Michael (2004), Beyond the Culture of Contest, England: George Ronald.
Martínez Guzmán, Vicent (2001), Filosofía para hacer las paces, España: Icaria.
Martínez Guzmán, Vicent (2005), “Philosophy and Peace Research” (manuscript unpublished).
Martínez Guzmán, Vicent (2007), “El diálogo, instrumento para hacer las paces”, in Moratalla, Augutin Domingo et al. [eds.], El Diálogo, Spain: Fundación Desierto de las Palmas.
Martínez Guzmán, Vicent (2003), “O reconhecimento como transformação de conflitos”, in Milani, Feizi et al. [eds.], Cultura de Paz: Estratégia, Mapas e Bússolas, Brasil: Edições Inpaz.
Maalouf, Amin (2011), In the name of identity. Violence and the need to belong, USA: Arcade Publishing.
Nussbaum, Martha (2000), “Symposium on Cosmopolitanism. Duties of justice, duties of material aid: Cicero’s problematic legacy”, in The Journal of Political Philosophy, vol. 8, no. 2, USA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Pensky, Max (2000), “Cosmopolitanism and the solidarity problem: Habermas on national and cultural identity”, in Constellations, vol. 7, no. 1, USA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Rabbani, Martha (2016), The Development and Antidevelopment Debate: Critical reflections on the philosophical foundations, USA: Routledge.
Sachs, Wolfgang (2002), “Fairness in a fragile world: The Johannesburg Agenda”, in Society for International Development, vol. 45, no. 3, USA: Researchgate.
Sachs, Wolfgang (2004), “Environment and Human Rights”, in Development, vol. 47, no. 1, Germany: Wuppertal Institute.
Sachs, Wolfgang (2007), Fair Future. Resource conflicts, security and global justice, England: Zed Books.
Sennett, Richard (2005), The Culture of the New Capitalism, USA: Yale University Press.
Standing, Guy (2008), “Economic insecurity and global casualisation: threat or promise?”, in Social Indicators Research, vol. 88, USA: Researchgate.
Tabet, Simon (2017), “Interview with Zygmunt Bauman: from the Modern Project to the Liquid World”, in Theory, Culture & Society, vol. 34, USA: Sage.
Taylor, Charles (1994), “The politics of recognition”, in Gutman, Amy et al. [eds.], Multiculturalism: examining the politics of recognition, USA: Princeton University Press.
Taylor, Charles (2004), Modern social imaginaries, England: Duke University Press.