Social Movements as Actor-Networks: Prospects for a Symmetrical Approach to Doñana’s Environmentalist Protests

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Israel Rodríguez-Giralt

Resumen

Conceptualizar y comprender las formas de acción colectiva ha sido históricamente una de las preocupaciones del pensamiento social. En este contexto, propongo que el bagaje conceptual y metodológico desarrollado por la denominada Teoría del Actor Red puede ser una herramienta fundamental para enriquecer y renovar el análisis de la acción colectiva. Para ello, me centraré en dos de las contribuciones principales de este enfoque: i) su comprensión alternativa de la acción social y ii) su definición alternativa del “colectivo”. Ambas contribuciones, afirmaré, permiten abrir una interesante discusión sobre la posibilidad misma de articular una teoría no dicotómica de la acción colectiva que difiera de las traiciones dominantes y que tenga en cuenta el carácter materialmente heterogéneo y relacional de los movimientos sociales. Para ilustrar la fertilidad de este enfoque me centraré en el análisis de las acciones y reacciones que desplegaron los grupos ecologistas durante el Desastre Ecológico de Doñana (1998-2002), en España.  

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Como citar
RODRÍGUEZ-GIRALT, Israel. Social Movements as Actor-Networks: Prospects for a Symmetrical Approach to Doñana’s Environmentalist Protests. Convergencia Revista de Ciencias Sociales, [S.l.], n. 56, mayo 2011. ISSN 2448-5799. Disponible en: <https://convergencia.uaemex.mx/article/view/1118>. Fecha de acceso: 18 abr. 2024
Palabras clave
movimientos sociales; dicotomismo; ambientalismo; Teoría del Actor Red; crisis ecológicas
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