Scope and limits of liberal multiculturalism from an intersectional gender approach

Main Article Content

Sabina García-Peter Luis Villavicencio-Miranda

Resumen

The article presents a critical analysis of two of the most influential theoretical positions within liberal multiculturalism –represented by Will Kymlicka and Charles Taylor–. Using an intersectional theoretical and methodological approach, the scope and limits from both positions are shown. The analysis shows that cultural diversity is an issue that acquires new and rich hues when approached holistically remarking the intersections of gender inequalities with other mechanisms of social inequality, such as ‘race’/ethnicity and social class. It concludes that only by integrating and intersecting the study of these variables in the study of cultural diversity will it become possible to advocate for democratic politics that emphasizes the specific nature of the differences, but within the principles of equality and justice. 

 

Article Details

Como citar
GARCÍA-PETER, Sabina; VILLAVICENCIO-MIRANDA, Luis. Scope and limits of liberal multiculturalism from an intersectional gender approach. Convergencia Revista de Ciencias Sociales, [S.l.], n. 72, ago. 2016. ISSN 2448-5799. Disponible en: <https://convergencia.uaemex.mx/article/view/4362>. Fecha de acceso: 18 oct. 2019
Palabras clave
cultural diversity; liberal multiculturalism; intersectionality; gender; inequality.
Sección
Artículos

Citas

Andersen, Margaret L. (2005), “Race, gender, and Class Stereotypes: New Perspectives on Ideology and Inequality”, in Revista Norteamérica, year 1, no. 1, Mexico: UNAM.
Anthias, Floya (1998), “Rethinking Social Divisions: Some Notes towards a Theoretical Framework”, in Sociological Review, vol. 46, no. 3, USA: Sage.
Anthias, Floya (2008), “Thinking through the lens of translocational positionality: an intersectionality frame for understanding identity and belonging”, in Translocations: Migration and Social Change, year 4, no. 1, Ireland: DCU.
Anthias, Floya and Nira Yuval-Davis (1992), Racialized Boundaries: Race, Nation, Gender, Colour and Class and the Anti-Racist Struggle, London: Routledge.
Anzaldúa, Gloria (1987), Borderlands / La Frontera: The New Mestiza, San Francisco: Aunt Lute Books.
Banting, Keith and Will Kymlicka (2006), Multiculturalism and the Welfare State: Recognition and Redistribution in Contemporary Democracies, UK: Oxford University Press.
Barry, Brian (2002), Culture and Equality. An egalitarian Critique of Multiculturalism, Cambridge, Massachusetts, USA: Harvard University Press.
Benería, Lourdes and Martha Roldán (1987), The crossroads of class & gender: industrial homework, subcontracting, and household dynamics in Mexico City, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Benhabib, Seyla (1990), “El otro generalizado y el otro concreto: la controversia Kolhberg-Gilligan y la teoría feminista”, in Benhabib, Seyla. and D. Cornell [eds.], Teoría Feminista y Teoría Crítica, Valencia: Alfons El Magnànim.
Benhabib, Seyla (2006), Las reivindicaciones de la cultura. Igualdad y diversidad en la era global, Buenos Aires and Madrid: Katz Barpal Editores.
Carens, Joseph H. (2000), Culture Citizenship, and Community. A Contextual Exploration of Justice as Evenhandedness, Oxford UK: Oxford University Press.
Crenshaw, Kimberlé (1994), “Mapping the Margins: Intersectionality, Identity Politics, and Violence Against Women of Color”, in M. Albertson Fineman and R. Mykitiuk [eds.], The Public Nature of Private Violence, New York: Routledge.
Curiel, Ochy (2008), “La crítica poscolonial desde las prácticas políticas del feminismo antirracista”, in Verschuur, C. [ed.], Vents d’Est, vents d’Ouest. Mouvements de femmes et féminismes anti-coloniaux, Geneva: Graduate Institute of International and Development.
Curiel, Ochy (2014), “Género, raza, sexualidad: debates contemporáneos”, Colombia: Universidad del Rosario. Available at http://www.urosario.edu.co/urosario_files/1f/1f1d1951-0f7e-43ff-819f-dd05e5fed03c.pdf [January 28th, 2015].
Dávila-Figueroa, Ruth A. (2013), “Multiculturalismo y pueblos indígenas en zonas urbanas en Canadá: una reflexión sobre el reconocimiento y la redistribución”, in Norteamérica, vol. 8, no. 2, Mexico: UNAM.
Davis, Kathy (2008), “Intersectionality as buzzword: A sociology of science perspective on what makes a feminist theory successful”, in Feminist Theory, year 9, no. 1, USA: Sage.
Delanty, Gerard (2010), Community, London: Routledge.
Deckha, Maneesha (2004), “Is Culture Taboo? Feminism, Intersectionality, and Culture Talk in Law”, in Canadian Journal of Women and the Law, vol. 16, no. 1, Toronto: University of Toronto Press.
De Lucas, Javier (2001), “La(s) sociedad(es) multicultural(es) y los conflictos políticos y jurídicos”, in La multiculturalidad, Madrid: Consejo General del Poder Judicial.
Fraser, Nancy (1997), Iustitia Interrupta. Reflexiones críticas desde la posición “postsocialista”, Bogota: Siglo del Hombre Editores.
Fraser, Nancy (2000), “Rethinking Recognition: Overcoming Displacement and Reification in Cultural Politics”, in New Left Reviews, no. 3, London.
Femenías, María Luisa (2008), El género del multiculturalismo, Bernal: Universidad Nacional de Quilmes.
Guzmán-Ordaz, Raquel (2009), “Hacia un Análisis Interseccional de los Procesos Migratorios Feminizados y la Ciudadanía”, in Vásquez Bermúdez, I. [coord.], Investigación y Género. Avances en las Distintas Áreas del Conocimiento, Spain: Universidad de Sevilla.
Guzmán-Ordaz, Raquel (2011), El Paradigma Interseccional: Rutas Teórico Metodológicas para el Análisis de las Desigualdades Sociales, unpublished material, in print.
Hancock, Ange Marie (2007), “Intersectionality as a normative and empirical paradigm”, in Politics & Gender, vol. 3, no. 2, EUA: Cambridge Journals.
Kymlicka, Will (1989), “Liberal Individualism and Liberal Neutrality”, in Ethics, vol. 99, no. 4, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Kymlicka, Will (1995), Multicultural Citizenship, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kymlicka, Will (1996), Ciudadanía multicultural. Una teoría liberal de los derechos de las minorías, Spain: Paidós.
Kymlicka, Will (2001), Politics in the Vernacular. Nationalism, Multiculturalism and Citizenship, UK: Oxford University Press.
Kymlicka, Will (2002), Contemporary Political Philosophy. An Introduction, Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Kymlicka, Will (2003), La política vernácula. Nacionalismo, multiculturalismo y ciudadanía, Barcelona: Paidós.
Kymlicka, Will (2007), Multicultural Odysseys. Navigating the New International politics of Diversity, UK: Oxford University Press.
McCall, Leslie (2005), “The Complexity of Intersectionality”, in Signs: Journal of Women in Culture and Society, year 30, no. 30, USA: The University of Chicago Press.
Modood, Tariq (2007), Multiculturalism. A Civic Idea, UK: Polity Press.
Moller-Okin, Susan (1999), Is multiculturalism bad for women?, Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press.
Moraga, Cherrie and Gloria Anzaldúa (1981), This bridge called my back, Bloomsbury, London: Persephone Press.
Nájera Pérez, E. (1999), “Concepciones y narrativas del yo”, in Revista Themata, no. 22, Seville: SPUS.
Nash, Marie (2001), “Diversidad, multiculturalismo e identidades. Perspectivas de género”, in Nash, Marie and D. Marre [eds.], Multiculturalismos y género: perspectivas interdisciplinarias, Barcelona: Ediciones Bellaterra.
Nash, Jennifer C. (2008), “Re-thinking Intersectionality”, in Feminist Review, no. 89, UK: Palgrave MacMillan.
Parekh, Bhikhu (1999), “Political Theory and the Multicultural Society”, in Radical Philosophy, no. 95, UK: Editorial Collective.
Parekh, Bhikhu (2002), “Barry and the Dangers of Liberalism”, in Kelly, P., Multiculturalism Reconsidered, Cambridge: Polity Press.
Parekh, Bhikhu (2006), Rethinking Multiculturalism. Cultural Diversity and Political Theory, UK: Palgrave MacMillan.
Parekh, Bhikhu (2008), A New Politics of Identity, Political Principles for an Independent World, London: Palgrave MacMillan.
Pérez, Federico (2007), “Will Kymlicka: la defensa del nacionalismo minoritario”, in Astrolabio Revista Internacional de Filosofía, no. 4, Barcelona: Universidad de Barcelona.
Pérez de la Fuente, Óscar (2005), Pluralismo cultural y derechos de las minorías, Madrid: Dykinson.
Piastro, Julieta (2014), “Feminismo y género en el siglo XXI”, in Revista de Psicología, vol. 32, no.1, Barcelona: Facultat de Psicologia, Ciències de l’Educació i de l’Esport Blanquerna, Universitat Ramon Llull.
Raz, Joseph (2001), La ética en el ámbito de lo público, Barcelona: Gedisa.
Rigat-Pflaum, María (2014), “Tres actos del feminismo. Nancy Fraser y los debates feministas de los últimos 40 years”, in Nueva Sociedad, no. 252, Buenos Aires: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung.
Sánchez, Cristina (2002), “Feminismo y ciudadanía”, in Díaz, Elías and José Luis Colomer, Estado, justicia, derechos, Madrid: Alianza.
Shield, Stephanie A. (2008), “Gender: An intersectionality perspective, in Sex Roles, vol. 59, no. 5-6, New York: Springer. Song, Sarah (2007), Justice, Gender, and the Politics of Multiculturalism, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Squella, Agustín et al. (2012), Curso de filosofía del derecho, Santiago: Editorial Jurídica de Chile.
Taylor, Charles (1983), Hegel y la sociedad moderna, Mexico City: Fondo de Cultura Económica.
Taylor, Charles (1992), Multiculturalism and the Politics of recognition: An Essay, Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Taylor, Charles (1993), El multiculturalismo y la política del reconocimiento, Mexico: Fondo de Cultura Económica.
Taylor, Charles (1994), La ética de la autenticidad, Barcelona: Paidós.
Taylor, Charles (1996), Fuentes del yo. La construcción de la identidad moderna, Barcelona: Paidós.
Taylor, Charles (1997), Argumentos filosóficos. Ensayo sobre el conocimiento, el lenguaje y la modernidad, Barcelona: Paidós.
Torbisco, Neus (2006), Group Rights as Human Rights. A Liberal Approach to Multiculturalism, Dordrecht: Springer.
Villavicencio, Luis (2009), “Algunas críticas a la idea de razón pública rawlsiana”, in Revista de Derecho, no. 32, Valparaiso: Pontificia Universidad Católica de Valparaíso.
Villavicencio, Luis (2010a), “La relevancia moral de la identidad cultural”, in Polis, vol. 9, no. 26, Santiago: Universidad Bolivariana.
Villavicencio, Luis (2010b), “Privatizando la diferencia: El liberalismo igualitario y el pluralismo cultural”, in Revista de Derecho, vol. 23, no.1, Valdivia: Universidad Austral de Chile.
Villavicencio, Luis (2012), “Un diálogo intercultural más allá del multiculturalismo”, in Revista Opinión Jurídica, vol. 11, no. 22, Medellin: Universidad de Medellín.
Villavicencio, Luis (2014), “Minorías étnico-culturales y derechos de las mujeres”, in Revista de Ciencia Política, vol. 34, no. 3, Santiago: Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Instituto de Ciencia Política.
Winker, Gabriele and Nina Degele (2009), Intersektionalität: Zur Analyse sozialer Ungleichheiten, Bielefeld: Transcript Verlag.
Young, Iris M. (1997), “A Multicultural Continuum: A Critique of Will Kymlicka’s Ethnic Nation Dichotomy”, in Constellations, year 4, no. 1, New York: The New School.
Young, Iris M. (2000), La justicia y la política de la diferencia, Madrid: Cátedra.
Yuval-Davis, Nira (2006), “Intersectionality and Feminist Politics”, in European Journal of Studies, vol. 13, no. 3, USA: Sage.