The Impact of Autonomy on Women’s Agency

Main Article Content

Jeyle Ortiz-Rodríguez Vijayan K. Pillai Manuel Ribeiro-Ferreira

Resumen

Kabeer’s simple and illustrative definition of empowerment is “the expansion in people’s ability to make strategic life choices in a context where this ability was previously denied to them” (Kabeer, 1999: 437). Women’s empowerment, then, is conceptualized as an increase in agency over time. Little is it known about the importance of the effect of ‘self directed motivations and desires’ and autonomy on women’s agency. The purpose of this paper is to analyze the relationships among women’s autonomy and labor force participation along with their effects on women’s agency in Nuevo Leon, Mexico. For this, we use the structural equation modeling approach. Our results reveal that women’s autonomy and participation in the labor market positively influence their agency levels. 


 

Article Details

##submission.howToCite##
ORTIZ-RODRÍGUEZ, Jeyle; PILLAI, Vijayan K.; RIBEIRO-FERREIRA, Manuel. The Impact of Autonomy on Women’s Agency. Convergencia Revista de Ciencias Sociales, [S.l.], n. 73, dic. 2016. ISSN 2448-5799. Disponible en: <http://convergencia.uaemex.mx/article/view/4244>. Fecha de acceso: 29 mayo 2017
Palabras clave
agency; autonomy; women’s labor force participation; gender equality; wellbeing
Sección
Artículos

Citas

Abrams, Kathryn (1999), “From Autonomy to Agency: Feminist Perspectives on Self-Direction”, in William & Mary Law Review, year 40, no. 3, United States: College of William and Mary.
Acharya, Dev R. et al. (2010), “Research Women’s autonomy in household decision-making: a demographic study in Nepal”, in Reproductive Health, year 7, no. 15, England: Springer Natura.
Ariza, Marina and De Oliveira, Orlandina (2003), “Acerca de las familias y los hogares: estructura y dinámica”, in Catalina Wainerman [comp.], Familia, trabajo y género. Un mundo de nuevas relaciones, Argentina: Fondo de Cultura Económica de Argentina.
Baca, Norma (2005), “Ciudad, relaciones de género y trabajo extradoméstico”, in Gaceta Laboral, year 11, no. 3, Brasil: Universidad del Zuila.
Bojorquez-Chapela, Ietza, Salgado, Nelly and Casique, Irene (2009), “International Migration of Partner, Autonomy and Depressive Symptoms among Women from a Mexican Rural Area”, in International Journal of Social Psychiatry, year 55, no. 4, Inglaterra: Sage Journals.
Bongaarts, John and Casterline, John (2013), “Fertility Transition: Is subSaharan Africa Different?”, in Population and Development Review, year 38, no. 1, United States: Population Council.
Boudet, Ana María, Petesch, Patti and Turk, Carolyne (2013), On Norms and Agency: Conversations about Gender Equality with Women and Men in 20 Countries, United States: World Bank Publications.
Casique, Irene (2001), “Abordando un proceso endógeno: la relación entre el trabajo extradoméstico femenino y el poder y autonomía de las mujeres casadas dentro del hogar en México”, in Notas de población, year 28, no. 72, Chile: CEPAL.
Casique, Irene (2004), Poder y Autonomía de la Mujer Mexicana. Análisis de algunos condicionantes, México: Centro Regional de Investigaciones Multidisciplinarias.
Charrad, Munira M. (2010), “Women’s Agency Across Cultures: Conceptualizing Strengths and Boundaries”, in Women’s Studies International Forum, year 33, no. 6, Holland: Elsevier.
Cohen, Michelle Fram (2006), “The condition of women in developing countries”, in The Independent Review, year 11, no. 2, United States: The Independent Institute.
Colón, Alice (2010), “Women’s employment ans changing relationships in Puerto Rico”, in Caribean Studies, year 38, no. 2, Puerto Rico: Universidad de Puerto Rico at Río Piedras.
Damián, Araceli (2011), “Pobreza y derechos socioeconómicos en México. Una mirada desde la perspectiva de género”, in Tepichin, Ana María [comp.], Género y pobreza, México: Colegio de México.
Demeny, Paul (2012), “Geopolitical Aspects of Population in the Twenty First Century”, in Population and Development Review, year 38, no. 4, United States: Population Council.
Del Tronco, José (2008), ¿Políticas pro-género o sesgo sexista de la política social?, in Zaremberg, Gisela [comp.], Políticas sociales y género, México: Flacso Mexico.
Dipna and Sharma, Puja (2013), “Women Empowerment as a Means of Inclusive Growth”, in Journal of Business Management & Social Sciences Research, year 2, no. 4, United Kingdom: Blue Ocean Research Journals.
García, Brígida (2003), “Empoderamiento y Autonomía de las Mujeres en la Investigación Demográfica Actual”, in Estudios Demográficos y Urbanos, year 18, no. 2,
México: Colegio de México.
Goldin, Claudia (1990), Understanding the gender gap, United States: Oxford University Press.
Gordon, Edward (2013), Future Jobs: Solving the Employment and Skills Crisis: Solving the Employment and Skills Crisis, United States: ABC-CLIO.
Hadjigeorgiou, Eleni et al. (2012), “Women’s perceptions of their right to choose the place of childbirth: an integrative review”, in Midwifery, year 28, no. 3, Holland: Elsevier.
Hasselberger, William (2012), “Agency, Autonomy, and Social Intelligibility”, in Pacific Philosophical Quarterly, year 93, no. 2, United States: University of Southern California.
Hassim, Shireen (1999), “From presence to power: women’s citizenship in a new democracy”, in Agenda, year 15, no. 40, United States: Taylor & Francis Online.
Hennink, Monique et al. (2012), “Defining empowerment: perspectives from international development organisations”, in Development in Practice, year 22, no. 2, United States: Taylor & Francis Online.
Hobson, Barbara and Lindholm, Marika (1997), “Collective identities, women’s power resources, and the making of welfare states”, in Theory and Society, year 26, no. 4, United States: Springer Publishing.
Howard-Hassmann, Rhoda E. (2011), “Universal Women’s Rights Since 1970: The Centrality of Autonomy and Agency”, in Journal of Human Rights, year 10, no. 4, United States: Taylor & Francis Online.
INEGI (2010), Censo General de Población y Vivienda, México: Instituto Nacional de Estadística, Geografía e Informática.
Kabeer, Naila (1999), “Resources, Agency, Achievements: Reflections on the Measurement of Women’s Empowerment”, in Development and Change, year 30, no. 3, United States: Wiley Online Library.
Korpi, Walter, Ferrarini, Tommy and Englund, Stefan (2013), “Women’s opportunities under different family policy constellations: gender, class, and inequality tradeoffs in western countries re-examined”, in Social Politics: International Studies in Gender, State & Society, year 20, no. 1, England: Oxford Journals.
Levine, Ruth Ellen (1990), “Determinants of women’s employment in metropolotan Mexico: a life cycle perspective”, Ph.D. Dissertation. United Kingdom:The Johns Hopkins University.
Luccisano, Lucy (2006), “The Mexican Oportunidades Program: Questioning the linking of security to conditional social investments for mothers and children”, in Canadian Journal of Latin American and Caribbean Studies, year 31, no. 62, United States: Taylor & Francis Online.
Luccisano, Lucy (2004), “Mexico’s Progresa Program: An example of neo-liberal poverty alleviation programs concerned with gender, human capital development, responsibility and choice”, in Journal of Poverty, year 8, no. 4, United States: Taylor & Francis Online.
Masika, Rachel and Bailur, Carol (2015), “Negotiating Women’s Agency through ICTs A Comparative Study of Uganda and India”, in Gender, Technology and Development, year 19, no. 1, England: Sage Journals.
Mishra, Nripenddra K. and Tripathi, Tulika (2011), “Conceptualising Women’s Agency, Autonomy and Empowerment”, in Economic and Political Weekly, year 44, no. 11, Mumbai: Sameeksha Trust.
Molyneux, Maxine (2006), “Mothers at the service of the new poverty agenda: Progresa/Oportunidades, Mexico’s conditional transfer programme”, in Social Policy and Administration, year 40, no. 4, United States: Wiley Online Library.
Molyneux, Maxine (1985), “Mobilization without emancipation? Women’s interests, the state, and revolution in Nicaragua”, in Feminist Studies, year 11, no. 2, United States: Feminist Studies.
Mosedale, Sarah (2005), “Assessing women’s empowerment: towards a conceptual framework”, in Journal of International Development, year 17, no. 2, United States: Wiley Online Library.
Mosedale, Sarah (2014), “Women’s empowerment as a development goal: taking a feminist standpoint”, in Journal of International Development, year 26, no. 8, United States: Wiley Online Library.
Nwoye, May (2013), “Gender responsive entrepreneurial economy of Nigeria: Enabling women in a disabling environment”, in Journal of International Women’s Studies, year 9, no. 1, United States: Bridgewater State University.
Rajasingham-Senanayake, Darini (2004), “Between Reality and Representation Women’s Agency in War and Post-Conflict Sri Lanka”, in Cultural Dynamics, year 16, no. 2-3, England: Sage Journals.
Rendón, Teresa (2008), Trabajo de hombres y trabajo de mujeres en el siglo XX, México: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México.
Rogers, Barbara (2005), The domestication of women: Discrimination in developing societies, England: Routledge.
Schuler, Sidney Ruth and Rottach, Elisabeth (2011), “Why Does Women’s Empowerment In One Generation Not Lead To Later Marriage and Childbearing In The Next?: Qualitative Findings from Bangladesh”, in Journal of Comparative Family Studies, year 42, no. 2, Canada: University of Calgary.
Sen, Amartya (2000), Desarrollo y Libertad, España: Planeta.
Sen, Gita and Grown, Caren (2013), Development crises and alternative visions: Third world women’s perspectives, England: Routledge.
Shaheed, Farida (1999), “Constructing identities: Culture, women’s agency and the Muslim World”, in International Social Science Journal, year 51, no. 159, United States: Wiley Online Library.
Sobritchea, Carolyn Israel (1990), “The ideology of female domesticity: its impact on the status of Filipino women”, in Review of Women’s Studies, year 1, no. 1, Philippines: University of Philippines.
Soni-Sinha, Urvashi (2011), “Invisible women: a study of jewelry production in West Bengal, India”, in Journal of Gender Studies, year 20, no. 2, United States: Taylor & Francis Online.
Staudt, Kathleen and Jaquette, Jane S. (2013), Women in developing countries: A Policy focus, England: Routledge.
Stern, Steve J. (1998), “What Comes After Patriarchy? Reflections from Mexico”, in Radical History Review, year 71, England: Duke University Press.
Wainerman, Catalina (2003), “La reestructuración de las fronteras de género”, in Wainerman, Catalina [comp.], Familia, trabajo y género. Un mundo de nuevas relaciones, Argentina: Fondo de Cultura Económica de Argentina.