Ciencia, estereotipos y género: una revisión de los marcos explicativos

Susana Vázquez-Cupeiro

Resumen


A partir de la literatura internacional que aborda la desigual distribución de género en Ciencia y Tecnología (cyt), este artículo presenta una revisión de los enfoques teóricos dominantes centrada en el papel de los estereotipos de género en la elección de itinerarios formativos y profesionales. Frente a las grandes limitaciones del enfoque biologicista, desde el punto de vista empírico y conceptual, las perspectivas organizadas en torno a procesos psicosociales y socioculturales y la cultura de la ciencia insisten tanto en la persistencia de los estereotipos como en su fragilidad y permeabilidad. El artículo evidencia que los programas para reducir la brecha de género están marcados por las perspectivas teóricas dominantes, así como la necesidad de adoptar estrategias globales e innovadoras con objeto de impulsar un sistema de cyt marcado por la igualdad, excelencia y competitividad.

Palabras clave


ciencia; género; estereotipos; marcos explicativos

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